Following two sell-out runs at the National Theatre, we caught up with Inua Ellams to find out more about his acclaimed Barber Shop Chronicles that's here at Eden Court next week.
Newsroom, political platform, local hotspot, confession box, preacher-pulpit and football stadium. For generations, African men have gathered in barber shops to discuss the world. These are places where the banter can be barbed and the truth is always telling and here's what Inua had to say:
What inspired you to write this show?
Back in 2010 someone gave me a flyer which was about a pilot project to teach barbers about the very basics in counselling. I was surprised that conversations in barber shops were so intimate, that someone thought that barbers should be trained in counselling, and also that they wanted the counselling project sessions to happen in the barber shop. This meant that on some level the person who was organising this thought there was something sacred about barber shops. Initially I wanted to create a sort of poetry and graphic art project where I would create illustrations or portraits of the men whilst getting their haircuts and write poems based on the conversations I’d overhear. I failed to get that project off the ground but the idea just stayed with me for a couple of years, until I got talking to Kate McGrath from Fuel who liked the idea. Together we approached The National Theatre. That’s where the show came from and how it was inspired.
You describe your plays as ‘failed poems’ – why was this idea better suited to a play?
The voices in my head just began to grow bigger, louder and in numbers. When this happens, the poems become multi-voiced and turn into dialogue. Eventually this dialogue breaks away from the poetic form altogether. The idea of Barber Shop Chronicles was suited to a play because there were several voices feeding into the conversations within the sacred spaces that barbershops seemed to be as I began to research.
What was the process for creating the show?
I began with a month residency at The National Theatre here in London, then a week-long residency in Leeds at the west Yorkshire playhouse. I then had six weeks of research travelling through the African continent. I was in South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria and Ghana. I returned with about sixty hours of recordings, which I whittled down to a four-hour play, and was then eventually whittled down in to an hour and forty-five minute long show. I got rid of lots of things which I intend to use at some point. There were fourteen different drafts of the play written in that time with lots of R and D processes.
How different is it to write for other people to perform rather than a show you perform?
It’s not that different. I guess I just know from the get-go that I’m not going to be the performer of the text. So it isn’t different as such, the difference is when it comes to the rehearsal period. Up until then when I’m writing it’s just various shades of my voice speaking to each other in my head, or various shades of me coming out in various voices in my head. Then when I get in to the rehearsal space and I see other actors take on the lines it becomes something else. But initially there is just a story that I’m trying to find the best voices to articulate. That process isn’t too different from creating work that I will perform myself. Also, I guess whenever I write poetry, I don’t always imagine I’m the one performing it because I imagine most people will first interrogate the poems with a 2-demonsional surface; by that I mean in book form. Therefore, they will read it with their own voices in their head. So, even when I write poetry, I don’t imagine that I’m the first performer of the text.
How does it feel to write the play and hand it over to others to bring to life?
It’s all about trust and that is mediated by the director. It can be very nerve-racking. It can also be very exposing for other people to take your words and do what they will with them. They can find that moments in the play are not as subtle as you imagined they were and critique and ask questions. But this is all conducive to creating better art. So this has definitely been a positive experience with this play.
Why is Barber Shop Chronicles so important today, especially with the cultural wars going on in the U.S. and what do you hope people will take away from the play after seeing it?
In the last few years images of black bodies being brutalised by law enforcement were everywhere. On Twitter. Shared in WhatsApp groups. On prime-time news. As a prequel to think pieces, from the NY times to The Guardian. The images and stories were trending in the US and in the UK. I can’t speak about the importance of my work, that is an equation solved by an audience, but I can speak about the psychological violence those videos and images did, and the need for them to be countered somehow... and Barber Shop Chronicles does that. It shows black men at rest. At play. Talking. Laughing. Joking. Not being statistics, targets, tragedies, spectres or spooks... just humans, breathing in a room.
The show has now toured to Australia and New Zealand as well as having two sold out runs at the National Theatre. Did you envisage the show being this successful?
No. Writing is an act of faith, a prayer. You sit before a sheet of paper or a laptop and pour into it your fears and wishes, conversations you have been having with yourself. At some point, you pass that on to the director and the actors and they have conversations with the script. You can feed into that and tweak things, but from that point on… it is largely out of your control. It is not a play until the audience have been invited into the room, until the lights go on. And every instance of the journey feels like a kamikaze mission or an impossible equation to hold in the mind, let alone arrive at some sort of suspicion of an answer. I could not have envisaged any of its success.
What was the first play to make you want to write plays?
It was a play called Something Dark, written and performed by Lemn Sissay, who is also a poet, playwright and performer.
What was your background to becoming a playwright?
I began writing long poems which I would perform myself with a little bit of theatrical language. I slowly began to write longer poems to be performed by other people, then for larger casts and from there I slid into writing radio plays and subsequently stage plays. Now I'm exploring screenplays.
What’s the hardest play you’ve ever written?
I think this one, The Barber Shop Chronicles. It's been seven years in the making, thirteen drafts. I had to travel to six different countries on the African continent and spend a lot of time in barber shops in London and in Leeds. I covered thousands and thousands of miles in order to write the play.
Which brought you the most joy?
Probably 14th Tale, my first play. It was funny and ridiculous, and humbling to perform and to tour it across the world.
Which playwrights have influenced you the most?
I'm influenced mostly by poets if I'm honest… more so than playwrights. William Shakespeare, Evan Boland, Elizabeth Bishop, Saul Williams, Major Jackson, and Terence Hayes are my touch stones.
What is your favourite line or scene from any play?
I think it's from Hamlet, the line: the substance of ambition is the shadow of a dream. Guildenstern says that in Hamlet… powerful, beautiful, delicate and barely there. Once you pry into that sentence you realise how fragile it is.
What’s been the biggest surprise to you since you’ve had your writing performed by actors?
Seeing how much better they are at performing and delivering text than I am! Obviously, they're actors, it's their job. But as a poet and a performer of one man shows, I thought I had a good and natural knack for things, but seeing the range, dynamism and depth they can bring to a single line, the humour, the intention, the discipline, the precision, the knowing… that has been incredible.
What’s been your biggest setback as a writer?
Time. More than anything else. I do a lot of different stuff, a lot of exciting stuff, and I’m excited by a lot of different kind of things and I want to do everything. Having only one of me is the problem, I wish I had a doppelganger. Money also plays a factor, but I’m a typical Nigerian: I do not believe in Nos, I make something out of nothing, and always figure out how to make things work.
And the hardest lesson you’ve had to learn?
Something a lot of writers have to learn, which is to kill your babies. What works for you might not work for an audience, or for someone else. You have to learn to be porous, to let go of things.
What do you think is the best thing about theatre? And the worst?
The best things about theatre is how it invites the suspension of belief, the flight of fantasy. I also like what little it takes to be theatrical, to create chaos and problem on stage.
The worst thing about theatre…ticket prices. They exclude a whole bunch of people, and it can be incredibly elitist.
What’s your best piece of advice for writers who are starting out?
Be yourself. Chase your own weird, multi-coloured, insecure, deranged, marginalised rabbits down the rabbit hole of your imagination and see what coughs up. See what you find. Enjoy what rabbit holes, what warrens, what mazes your own imagination and your idiosyncrasies lead you down and write yourself out of it. Your own world view, how your flesh and bones and blood enclose the machine of your mind, how it filters the world through your particular sense… these are the most precious things to you as a writer, you have to guard those things with your life because the longevity of your creative life relies on it. Be yourself in a nutshell, that's it.
Are there any themes and stories you find yourself re-visiting with your plays?
Yeah, definitely. At the moment I'm questioning masculinity, within that questioning black masculinity. The questions of identity, displacement and destiny keep coming into my work… Destiny from a religious and spiritual point of view and Displacement from my immigrant background. I always seem to explore what it means to be in a new space and what it means to try to hold on to who you were (or who you think you were) before arriving, and this impacts Identity.
Are you on Twitter? Do you find it a help or a hindrance as a writer?
Yes, I'm on Twitter. My handle is @inuaellams. It's kind of both - a hindrance because it's endlessly entertaining and humorous, and I get into slanging matches with racists and xenophobic individuals who just do not like that I exist and that I am able to create the things I create, and I don't know how to back down from an argument with them. The community and ease of communication helps I hold my followers in highest regard and think of them as an extension of my hive mind. I ask them questions, I research with them. I remember once when writing a play, I needed to figure out how to get from where I was to Heathrow as fast as possible, on road, by car. I don't know how to drive and Google Maps wasn't as efficient as it is now. I asked twitter and within two minutes someone just gave me the full directions I needed for a play. It was perfect.
How do you spend opening night?
Terrified, quivering in the back, meditating, playing basketball, I do everything to distract me from what is about to happen. I do those in the lead up, and then on the night, I don't know. I just try to have a good time and trust in the director and actors and the thing we have created.
What’s your favourite place to watch theatre in London?
Ooh. Wow. I do not know the answer to this question. I don't think I have a favourite place. I see a lot at the National, a lot at the Royal Court. But I don't have a specific place.
If the Prime Minister said they were abolishing the theatre tomorrow, what would you do?
That’s a very easy question: I'd write poetry – which I do most of the time anyway.